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The following should be taken into account when selecting a site for an olive grove.

  • Soil type and drainage - waterlogging kills olive trees.
  • Availability of nutrients in soil.
  • Soil acidity, olives grow best in soils with a pH of 7.0-8.0.
  • Rock will impede infrastructure development such as irrigation trenches.
  • Climate - olives like cool winters and hot summers.
  • Winter frost is necessary for most varieties.
  • Rainfall.
  • Water storage for irrigation.
  • Cost of irrigation infrastructure.
  • Access to and cost of power for irrigation.
  • Prevailing wind and windbreaks to protect trees during flowering.
  • Previous crops which may have been hosts to fungi or nematodes.
  • Availability of labour for pruning and harvesting.
  • Proximity to markets and/or processor.
  • Steep slopes will affect irrigation and harvesting by machine.
  • Proximity to concentrations of wildlife which could damage trees.
  • Fire danger.
  • Security, susceptibility to vandalism and crop stealing.