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The grove design must:

Provide maximum sunlight exposure of the planned number of trees during all stages of growth and at maturity.

Allow for efficient equipment operation.

Tree density

Opinion varies on optimal tree density, depending on variety, soil fertility and grove management. Denser plantings are adopted to give higher yields per hectare from younger trees.

The most common are:

Between rows Between trees in rows Trees/hectare
9m  4.5m 247
8m  5.0m 250
9m   9.0m  123

NOTE: The distance adopted between rows may vary from 7m-12m and the distance between trees from 3m-9m. The closer plantings may require some thinning as the trees mature.